A literature review is a study of existing published information on a specific topic. Literature reviews:
A good literature review will consist of a summary of key sources, and is analytical and synthesizes information. Usually a literature review is organized, not however a chronological description of discoveries in your field, and explains how your research will address gaps in existing literature on a particular topic.
Doing a literature review. (2010). In Thomas, D. R., & Hodges, I. D. Designing and managing your research project: Core skills for social and health research (pp. 105-130). London: SAGE Publications Ltd. doi: 10.4135/9781446289044
An overview of the subject, issue or theory under consideration, along with the objectives of the literature review
Division of works under review into categories (e.g. those in support of a particular position, those against, and those offering alternative theses entirely)
Explanation of how each work is similar to and how it varies from the others
Conclusions as to which pieces are best considered in their argument, and make the greatest contribution to the understanding and development of their area of research
1. Choose a topic. Define your research question.
2. Decide on the scope of your review.
3. Select the databases you will use to conduct your searches.
4. Conduct your searches and find the literature.
5. Review the literature.