'Key Themes in Public Health' consists of introductory short essays exploring 50 key themes and concepts in public health. Ranging from political and economic concern with improving population health and reducing health inequalities, to debates about how to protect the population from new health threats, as well as a concern with individual responsibility for lifestyles and behaviour, the themes discussed include: determinants of health; globalisation; evidence; risk and population.
Published in partnership with the American Public Health Association, this cornerstone text in the Jones & Bartlett Learning Essential Public Health series is an excellent introduction to the field of public health. Ideal for senior-level undergraduates or graduate students in public health, health science, health professions, or nursing, Essentials of Public Health focuses on the inner-workings of health departments and the role of public health professionals.This comprehensive text combines the best elements of Dr. Turnock's other two books: Public Health: What It Is and How It Works and Public Health: Career Choices That Make a Difference.The first set of chapters introduces defines and describes the public health system, provide concepts and tools for measuring health in populations, characterizes the relationship of the public health system with medical care and other elements of the overall health system, and identifies government's unique contributions through federal, state, and local public health agencies.The second set of chatpers focuses on public health careers within the context of the overall public health workforce. Basic information on the size and composition of the public health workforce is followed by chapters that address careers and jobs in public health administration, epidemiology, public health nursing, health education, and other professional and program titles and positions.With its clear, reader-friendly language and helpful learning tools such as chapter exercises and discussion questions, this is the ideal text to prepare your students for a career in public health.Updated and New Information in the Second Edition:- NACCHO Profile data from 2008 and 2010 surveys- Accreditation of public health agencies- Public health workforce development activities including thecredentialing of public health workers- Health reform provisions enacted in 2010- Updated and revised seciton on public health financing
Population health encompasses traditional public health and preventive medicine but emphasizes the full range of health determinants affecting the entire population rather than only ill or high-risk individuals. The population health approach integrates the social and biological, the quantitative and qualitative, recognizing the importance of social and cultural factors in practice and research. This text is organized around the logical sequence of studying and attempting to improve the health of populations; measuring health status and disease burden, identifying and modeling health determinants, assessing health risks and inferring causation, designing research studies, planning interventions, and evaluating health programs. The second edition incorporates many new topics that reflect changes in contemporary public health concerns and our response to them; as well as shifts in research directions. These include lifecourse approaches to health, gene-environment interactions, emergent infections, and bioterrorism. Among the specific changes are new or expanded discussions of confidence intervals for commonly used rates, the impact of population aging on mortality trends, health survey questionnaires, summary measures of population health, the new International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, migrant studies, race and ethinicity, psychoneuroendocrine pathways, social epidemiology, risk perception, communicating the SARS epidemic, ecologic studies, the odds radio, paticipatory research, suicide, evidence-based community interventions, evaluation methods and health economics, the Cochrane Collaboration, and systemic reviews. The many positive features of the first edition have been retained, such as the extensive use of boxes, case studies, and exercises; the selection of examples representing a variety of health problems, geographic regions, and historical periods; and a multidisciplinary orientation bridging the quantitative and qualitative, the social and biomedical sciences. The book aims to spark a new kind of broad-based training for researchers and practitioners of population health.
A CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title 2014! That health has many social determinants is well established and a myriad range of structural factors - social, cultural, political, economic, and environmental - are now known to impact on population well-being. Public health practice has started exploring and responding to a range of health-related challenges from a structural paradigm, including individual and population vulnerability to infection with HIV and AIDS, injury-prevention, obesity, and smoking cessation. Recognising the inadequacy of public health responses that focus solely on individual behaviour change to improve population health outcomes, this text promotes a more holistic approach. Discussing the structural factors related to health and well-being that are both within and outside of an individual's control, it explores what form structural approaches can take, the underlying theory of structure as a risk factor and the local realities, environments, and priorities that public health practitioners need to take into consideration. Anchored in empirical evidence, the book provides case studies of innovative and influential interventions - from the 100% condom program, to urban planning, injury prevention, and the provision of adequate clean drinking water and sanitation systems - and concludes with a section on implementing and evaluating structural public health programs. This comprehensive text brings together a selection of internationally-recognised authors to provide an overview for students and practitioners working in or concerned with public health around the globe.
Written specifically for dental hygienists, this comprehensive textbook covers concepts, issues, techniques and methods of public dental health. This book covers the assessment of factors that affect oral health of a population, development of policy in response to the population's needs, and active promotion of oral health maintenance and availability. FEATURES: Comprehensive coverage of dental public health history and principles for community dental hygiene practice Learning activities included in each chapter to reinforce material and provide additional experiences Distinguished list of contributors, who are experts in their field of public health
An up-to-date and comprehensive treatment of biosurveillance techniques <p>With the worldwide awareness of bioterrorism and drug-resistant infectious diseases, the need for surveillance systems to accurately detect emerging epidemicsis essential for maintaining global safety. Responding to these issues, Disease Surveillance brings together fifteen eminent researchers in the fields of medicine, epidemiology, biostatistics, and medical informatics to define the necessary elements of an effective disease surveillance program, including research, development, implementation, and operations. The surveillance systems and techniques presented in the text are designed to best utilize modern technology, manage emerging public health threats, and adapt to environmental changes.</p> <p>Following a historical overview detailing the need for disease surveillance systems, the text is divided into the following three parts:</p> <ul> <li> <p>Part One sets forth the informatics knowledge needed to implement a disease surveillance system, including a discussion of data sources currently used in syndromic surveillance systems.</p> </li> <li> <p>Part Two provides case studies of modern disease surveillance systems, including cases that highlight implementation and operational difficulties as well as the successes experienced by health departments in the United States, Canada, Europe, and Asia.</p> </li> <li> <p>Part Three addresses practical issues concerning the evaluation of disease surveillance systems and the education of future informatics and disease surveillance practitioners. It also assesses how future technology will shape the field of disease surveillance.</p> </li> </ul> <p>This book′s multidisciplinary approach is ideal for public health professionals who need to understand all the facets within a disease surveillance program and implement the technology needed to support surveillance activities. An outline of the components needed for a successful disease surveillance system combined with extensive use of case studies makes this book well-suited as a textbook for public health informatics courses</p>
Successfully tested in the authors' courses at Boston University and Harvard University, this text combines theory and practice in presenting traditional and new epidemiologic concepts. Broad in scope, the text opens with five chapters covering the basic epidemiologic concepts and data sources. A major emphasis is placed on study design, with separate chapters devoted to each of the three main analytic designs: experimental, cohort, and case-control studies.Full chapters on bias, confounding, and random error, including the role of statistics in epidemiology, ensure that students are well-equipped with the necessary information to interpret the results of epidemiologic studies. An entire chapter is also devoted to the concept of effect measure modification, an often-neglected topic in introductory textbooks. Up-to-date examples from the epidemiologic literature on diseases of public health importance are provided throughout the book.The Third Edition is a thorough update that offers:* New examples, the latest references, and public health statistics.* Nearly 50 new review questions.* Updated discussion of certain epidemiologic methods.* New figures depicting epidemiologic concepts.
<i>Derryberry′s Educating for Health</i> includes the complete original text of his classic book with new chapters by current experts and teachers in the field of health education and promotion. The book is organized into six sections: Linking Statistical Methods to Health Education, Education As a Challenge to All Health Professions, Establishing the Parameters of Health Education, Community Health Education, Influencing the International Health Field, and Research in Public Health Issues.