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Finding information online today is hardly challenging. The challenge is to find high quality information that meets your specific needs. Be discriminating! Here are some questions you should ask yourself when you are sifting through your search results, looking for gems of information.
Authority - Who wrote it or who is responsible for it? Why should I care what they think?
Look for who wrote the website, or the larger organization responsible for it if there is no individual author.
Look for an About Me or About Us link. If the creator(s) want to be taken seriously, they need to make it obvious to the reader who they are and their credentials.
Want to know more about the larger organization? Google the name. There's probably a Wikipedia entry about them. This will work for some individuals as well, if they are well-known enough.
It is tempting to look at the URL of the website and make assumptions based on whether it is a .com or .org or .edu. But the truth is that anyone can purchase a .com or .org, and the .edu is not limited to professors or departments. Some schools give all of their students space to create their own websites which would have a .edu domain. The only domains that are truly "locked down" are .gov for state and federal government agencies and .mil for US military websites.
Credibility - How credible is this information? Does the creator want to be taken seriously?
Here is where I would begin by judging the website by it's look and feel. Does it look professional? Have they kept the site up with newish content, or does it look abandoned? If the answer is no, then the creators don't want to be taken seriously.
If the answers are yes, then you need to judge the content of the information with what you already know and information from other sources. It's difficult to truly judge credibility in a vacuum.
Purpose - Why is this available online for free?
If you can answer this question, you have successfully examined the authority and credibility of the site. Libraries specialize in collecting information that costs money. But there are a lot of people and organizations who want to freely share their expertise and knowledge. They may have an agenda, of course, but that's true with the information you get from the library's databases as well.